Every country has its own systems and practices to choose police detectives, however there is one common factor among all the police departments of the world when it comes to selecting detectives… a person has to go through rigorous assessments before receiving the badge. My buddy Paul used to talk about wanting to be a detective until he found out how long it took and that it wasn’t a guaranteed position. He works for a Seattle Tree Service now but still thinks that anyone who is a detective has the coolest job.
Its very debatable but it is said that the most reputable police department in the world is Scotland Yard of United Kingdom. United Kingdom policing is often presented around the globe as an ideal institution which puts public safety and law enforcement in a perfect marriage. In United Kingdom a Police officer has to serve at least two years as uniform PC before he can be considered a candidate for the detective’s post. Also, every British PC who aspires to become a detective has to successfully complete a couple of the most intense testing systems. First they have to pass the NIE (National Investigator’s Examination), which will qualify them to apply for other stages of the Criminal investigation Department’s training programs.
In the US the system of training a detective is much more spread out and ill designed if you will. First if all, one must attend a law enforcement academy where they will learn a number of policing disciplines spread out in 16 to 24 units. The future of a prospective detective depends on the successful completion of the degree which will then land them a ‘rookie’ or trainee status with a field training officer for a specified period of time. This probation period could be of any length from few months to two years, it entirely depends upon the individual’s ability to learn.
While on the training under the wings of a sergeant with years of experience under his belt, trainee detectives undertake a number of tests and competitive examinations to hone their skills as detectives. They learn various forms of investigative approaches deployed by detectives, protocols of search and seizures. One of the most important subjects all rookies have to master is efficiently collecting and storing evidence.
They also learn the intricacies of court procedures and various laws surrounding the most common crimes committed in a certain geographical unit. The promotion of the trainee officers to the rank of the Detective is entirely at the department’s discretion, and no question can be raised on the decisions, in the interest of public safety.
Going Out On Their Own
There is no universal agreement among the countries when it comes to private detectives. Some countries allow, rather encourage private detectives; believing this could take some of the burden off the law enforcement. While others believe, allowing private detective agencies to operate within society creates a parallel law which is not a healthy approach. Regardless, the private detective ‘industry’ is more flourishing around the world with a mixture of results in various regions.
There are no prerequisites of becoming a private detective, however having a prior law enforcement experience is handy and certainly increases the influx of customers. Ex-detectives, ex-police officers, and in some cases ex-clerks of the Police department are also being reported working as private detectives. These private detectives are expected to perform a whole spectrum of jobs, well in most cases private detective will take any case, big or small, and public service comes first after all.
Very rarely people approach private detectives in case of a crime. However in some countries where law enforcement is not trusted by the people and/or it is corrupt, people tend to trust private detectives way more than police officers. In most countries of the world private detectives are mostly seen either solving a domestic dispute, or keeping an eye on one of the spouse or in some cases both of the partners. In some countries like India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and South America people hire private detectives to investigate the groom to be. They are also known as ‘marriage detectives’. This may sound strange to people living in America or Europe, but it’s certainly not strange for people from Asia and South America.
On a much serious note, private detectives are reported to be particularly helpful in the cases involving missing people or property. Police departments in the cities are becoming increasingly engaged, therefore there is a priority system in place and most serious crimes are given more attention. Looking for a missing person requires deployment of a number of rich resources, and often PDs are not in the position to engage in such activity. Therefore, private detectives work more efficiently since they have only one case to worry about so they invest all their time and energies, and sometimes end up finding the lost person.